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Hydrostatic Pressure

The Hydrostatic Pressure accessory has been designed to determine the static thrust exerted by a fluid on a submerged surface and enables comparison of the measured magnitude and position of this force with simple theory.

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F1-12

FLUID MECHANICS F1-10 Accessory
F1-12 Hydrostatic Pressure - Issue 19

The Hydrostatic Pressure accessory has been designed to determine the static thrust exerted by a fluid on a submerged surface and enables comparison of the measured magnitude and position of this force with simple theory.

Ordering Specification

  • Flotation tank with adjustable feet
  • Accurately formed plastic quadrant
  • Lever arm with counterbalance and weight hanger
  • Educational software available as an option

Description

A fabricated quadrant is mounted on a balance arm, which pivots on knife edges. The knife edges coincide with the centre of the arc of the quadrant. This means that when the quadrant is immersed, the only force that gives rise to a moment about the knife edges is the hydrostatic force acting on the end face of the quadrant.

The balance arm incorporates a hanger for the weights supplied and an adjustable counterbalance.

This assembly is mounted on top of an acrylic tank, which may be levelled by adjusting screwed feet. Correct alignment is indicated on a circular spirit level mounted on the base of the tank.

An indicator attached to the side of the tank shows when the balance arm is horizontal. Water is added to the tank via a flexible tube and may be drained through a valve in the side of the tank. The water level is indicated on a scale on the side of the quadrant.

Technical Details

Item Value
Tank capacity: 5.5l
Distance between suspended mass and fulcrum: 275mm
Cross-sectional area of quadrant (toroid): 7.5 x 10-3 m2
Total depth of completely immersed quadrant: 160mm
Height of fulcrum above quadrant: 100mm

Demonstration Capabilities

  • Determining the centre of pressure on both a submerged or partially submerged plane surface and comparison with the theoretical position

Requirements

F1-10 Hydraulics Bench

Shipping Specification

Individual accessories on request

Overall Dimensions

Height: 0.30m
Width: 0.435m
Depth: 0.13m